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The Coventry University Guide to Referencing in Harvard Style: Patents and Standards

How to reference patents and standards

General guidance on referencing patents and standards


If you incorporate information from patents and standards into your text, you must provide both an in-text citation and matching entry in your end List of References. These two components are referenced differently for different types of documents. Click on the relevant tab above to see examples.

Patents


In-text citation
 

Example 1 (A UK patent)

This non-slip stiletto heel was patented in the UK (Walk-on Inc. 2000)

 

Components

  • Originator (company or designer).
  • Year the patent was granted.

Example 2 (An international patent)

The company owns an European Patent (Borg Warner Inc. 2005) for this innovative product.

 

Components

  • Originator (company or designer).
  • Year the patent was granted.

List of References entry
 

Example 1 (A UK patent)

Walk-on Inc. (2000) Non-Slip Stiletto Heel. BG 3356754

Components

  • Originator (company or designer).
  • Year in brackets.
  • Title of the publication in italics, followed by a full stop.
  • Series designation.

Example 2 (An international patent)

Borg Warner Inc. (2005) Control Devices for Clutches and/or Gear Actuators of an Automated Gearbox or an Automatic
Transmission
. European Patent EP 1519081 –2005-03-30

 

Components

  • Originator (company or designer).
  • Year in brackets.
  • Title of the publication in italics, followed by a full stop.
  • Origin, i.e. 'European Patent' or other information as appropriate.
  • Series designation.

Standards


In-text citation
 

Example

This company observes the Quality Assurance framework (BSI 2004). 

Components

  • The official abbreviation for the British Standard Institution, i.e. 'BSI'
  • Year of publication.

List of References entry
 

Example

British Standards Institution (2004) Quality Assurance: Frameworks for Success. BS EN ISO 8005: 2004. London: British Standards Institution

Components

  • 'British Standards Institution', as the author.
  • Date in brackets.
  • Title in italics, followed by a full stop.
  • The acronym 'BS', followed by the full standard number and a colon.
  • Year of the standard, followed by a full stop. 
  • Place of publication, followed by a colon.
  • Publisher.
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