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The Coventry University Guide to Referencing in Harvard Style: Further support

Options if you are stuck

Do not panic if you are stuck!


You can also:

If you are still puzzled, consult CAW.

Adapt relevant principles from elsewhere in the Guide


In the CU Guide to Referencing in Harvard Style, a balance has been struck between listing every possible type of source and keeping the guidelines concise and reader friendly. Therefore, on rare occasions you may need to cite and reference an unusual type of source that is not included in the Guide (a jam jar label, for instance). Do not panic if you cannot find precise guidelines in such a case, but consider these tips

In-text citations

  • Give the author or corporate author or (if the first two options are not available) the title of a source.
  • Give the year (and page number(s) preceded by a colon, if relevant).
  • Take a look at the examples of different source types given in this website for a list of all the pieces of information you should include in an in-text citation, in which order, and adapt these principles if necessary.

List of References

  • Requires sufficient information for the reader to be able to locate the source.
  • Check the relevant sections of this website for a list of all the pieces of information you should include in a List of References entry, in which order, and adapt these principles if necessary.

Secondary sources

  • Both the original and the cited source should be acknowledged in the in-text citation/s as well as in the List of References.

Always remember to follow the ARC of successful referencing.

Take a look at Frequently Asked Questions


Consult the Centre for Academic Writing


If you are a student at Coventry University, you can:

  • Email CAW with your query and one of our tutors will respond as soon as they are free (typically within 24 hours). Note that if you are unable to find a source and send us an email, please make an attempt to adapt relevant principles and include this in your query.
  • Alternatively, contact us to discuss your options.

Referencing Management Software


Such software allows you to store any potentially useful references in one convenient place and then generate in-text citations and reference lists/bibliographies in different referencing styles. The University subscribes to two products: RefWorks and EndNote​.

 

 

New RefWorks

A Web based software which can help you to:

  • Store, easily organise and manage references from lots of different sources.
  • Easily create lists of references (or bibliographies) in the correct format for use in your research.
  • It is compatible with the CU Guide to Referencing in Harvard Style.

Take a look at the Step by Step guide to New RefWorks at the bottom of this page.

 



EndNote

  • Store, easily organise and manage references from lots of different sources.
  • Easily create lists of references (or bibliographies) in the correct format for use in your research.
  • It is not compatible with the CU Guide to Referencing in Harvard Style.

Other tools

Other tools exist, but are not supported by Coventry University. Whichever one you choose, make sure that your final output follows Coventry University's version of Harvard style.

N.B. some software will offer outputs referred to generically as 'Harvard Style' (e.g. the MS Word in-built referencing tool). This is not the same as Coventry University's version of Harvard style. So, whichever software you choose to use, make sure you have followed the correct guidelines.

  • You still need to understand the principles behind the CU Guide to Referencing in Harvard Style in order to accurately input information / check the accuracy of automatically inputted information.
  • Occasionally, errors can occur even with the most sophisticated software. It remains your responsibility to check the accuracy of your references against the guidelines in the CU Guide to Referencing in Harvard Style.

Always follow the ARC of successful citing and referencing


  • Be accurate about where each source comes from, including page numbers if you quote or paraphrase, or if you summarise information on a specific page of a source. Check that other readers can locate exactly the idea, image, or numerical data you have borrowed.
  • Be rigorous in checking that each and every source you have cited is included in the List of References, and that the two elements are connected because they start with the same author and date.
  • Be consistent in following the same procedure throughout your work.
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The Coventry University Guide to Referencing in the Harvard Style by The Centre for Academic Writing is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.