CU Guide to referencing in Harvard Style: key elements
Explicit indication of the contribution of other authors to shaping one's writing is one of the characteristics of academic writing in Britain and in many other countries. Explicit referencing of sources distinguishes academic writing from other types of writing, including newspapers, fiction, and other types of professional writing. All sources of information, including ideas, images, or numerical data must be documented using an established referencing system.
The CU Guide to referencing in Harvard Style requires acknowledgement of sources in two ways:
Your in-text citations and List of References must correspond. Take a look at the relationship between the two elements.
The key principle is to acknowledge a source in the main body of your writing by providing the author’s surname and the year of publication.
Add the page number/s (if available) whenever you do not refer to the source as a whole, but rather to information that can be retrieved on a single page or a specific number of pages.
Note: If you need to acknowledge a source that you accessed indirectly (e.g. a text another author has quoted), take a look at how to reference secondary sources.
Example 1 (integral in-text citations)
If you mention the author’s name in your own writing:
Example 2 (non-integral in-text citations)
If you do not mention the author’s name in your own writing, in brackets give:
List of References
Enter the source in the List of References at the end of your document by providing all the publication or internet details in the appropriate format (see appropriate guidance for your source).
Note: If you need to provide an entry for a source that you accessed indirectly (e.g. a text another author has quoted), take a look at how to reference secondary sources.
The format of your List of References entry depends on the type of source you have used.
Find an example of your source type using the green tabs at the top of this page.
The relationship between in-text citations and the List of References
For each in-text citation, provide an appropriate entry in the List of References:
Fig. 1 In-text citations and a List of References in a sample paper (Deane 2006)
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The Coventry University Guide to Referencing in the Harvard Style by The Centre for Academic Writing is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.