'Open Research' refers to the practice of openness throughout the research process, in terms of both how research is performed and knowledge is shared. Sometimes the term 'Open Science' has been used interchangeably, but 'Open Research' operates as a more holistic and inclusive term, including Social Scientists and Arts and Humanities researchers with those in the Physical or Biomedical Sciences.
Benefits of Open Research include:
Open Research practices can take on various forms including preregistration of research studies, 'Open Peer Review', and Open Access publication.
'Open Access' (or OA) is the practice of providing free, unlimited online access to scholarly works and research outputs in a digital format, with limited restrictions on re-use.
Often Open Access research outputs will have a Creative Commons licence applied that ensures the output remains Open Access, and that any restrictions on re-use are enforced.
Benefits of Open Access include:
There are various forms of Open Access, as will be outlined in the next section.
There are four main types of open access that you may hear about: Diamond (or Platinum), Gold, Green or Bronze (or Free) Open Access.
Diamond Open Access is similar to Gold Open Access, where the research is Open at the point of publication, except that there is no charge for publishing.
Gold Open Access makes the final version of an article freely and permanently accessible for everyone, immediately at publication. Copyright for the article is retained by the authors and most of the permission barriers are removed. Gold Open Access typically occurs as a result of publishing in an open access or hybrid journal. There is usually a fee (called an article processing charge or APC) associated with this option which the author or their institution will be asked to pay. Articles published Gold OA will usually be published with a Creative Commons Licence.
When authors publish with a journal and deposit a version of the article for free public use in their institutional repository (e.g. Pure) and/or a central subject-based repository (e.g. Arxiv or PubMed Central), this is known as self-archiving and is often referred to as Green Open Access. Depending on the publisher's policies, the version archived is often an author's accepted version rather than the published version. Most Open Access requirements will consider Green Open Access routes.
Sometimes publishers may release an article under a Free licence, which is sometimes called “Bronze Open Access”. Whilst this research would be freely available like most open access, this may not always be reliable and could revert to a more restrictive licence. As such, this will not meet any Open Access requirements.
What is OA?; OA Policies; APC Funding; Pure Repository; Rights Retention.
Creating and Preserving Data; Data Planning; DMPs; FAIR Data; Finding Data.
About Coventry Open Press; Contact Us; Submitting Proposals; Current Publications.
Publishing Advice; Predatory Publishers; Theses; Metrics; Persistent IDs.